1. A. How is the precautionary principle used in environmental health?
B. What is an alternative philosophical approach? (2 pts)
2. A. Define risk assessment and risk management. Discuss how risk management combines science and other social factors. (3 pts)
3. Should the United States be able to manufacture and export chemicals such as DDT even if they have been banned in the United States? Why?(2 pts)
4. Industry’s critics say chemical manufactures should bear the burden of proof for the safety of their products before they hit the market. Industry’s supporters say that mandating more safety research will hinder the introduction of products that consumers want and will increase the price of products. What do you think?
Should the government follow the precautionary principle and require proof of safety prior to a chemical’s introduction into the market? Explain why? (3 pts)