Given the information below, define and describe:
I. William James, 1890, 1892, On Consciousness
“Within each personal consciousness, thought is sensibly continuous. … Consciousness, then, does not appear to itself chopped up in bits. … It is nothing jointed; it flows. A ‘river’ or ‘stream’ are the metaphors by which it is most naturally described. In talking of it hereafter, let us call it the stream of thought, of consciousness, or of subjective life.” – James, William (1892). Psychology: The briefer course. Macmillan. p. 91, underscoring added “The stream of thought flows on; but most of its segments fall into the bottomless abyss of oblivion. Of some, no memory survives the instant of their passage. Of others, it is confined to a few moments, hours, or days. Others, again, leave vestiges which are indestructible, and by means of which they may be recalled as long as life endures. ” – James, William (1890). The Principles of Psychology. Holt. p. 644, underscoring added
Consciousness is “our awareness of internal and external events” (Your text – Robinson-Riegler & Robinson-Riegler, 2012)
II. William James, 1890, On Attention
“Attention … is the taking possession of the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seems several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought. Focalization and concentration of consciousness are of its essence. It implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others, and is a condition which has a real opposite in the confused, dazed, and scatterbrained state which … is called distraction ” James, William (1890). The Principles of Psychology. Holt. pp. 403-404.
Too Simple Definitions or Descriptions of Attention
Optional consciousness and attention article (suggested by Bethany Grant):
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